Examine the types of building facades

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Examine the types of building facades

ViestiKirjoittaja saftysign » 11.01.2020 22:10

Check the types of building facades:

Building facades are one of the most bold parts of building a building that incorporates many factors such as fashion, modernity, relaxation, sound and thermal insulation and safety and prevents energy loss in a building. Today, the implementation of building facades can be implemented using a variety of methods and materials depending on the type of application. Join us to take a quick look at each of the ways in which buildings are implemented and their advantages and disadvantages.

1) Run the brick facade

Brick facade creates a pleasant and beautiful space and due to its low heat transfer coefficient plays a great role in the thermal insulation of a building. The bricks used in the facade construction are very strong and durable. These bricks are prepared in different colors and dimensions in the furnaces and are completely refractory. Traditionally, bricks are bonded using mortar, which is a mixture of cement, sand and water, but today, with advances in architecture, the brick facade can be implemented using a dry facade system. This method uses metal equipment such as rails to attach bricks to each other.

Benefits of a brick facade include:

Thermal insulation

Reduce energy loss

Environmental protection due to its natural structure

Durability and high durability

Preservation of historical identity

Disadvantages of brick facade:

In the past there were problems with the brick facades of the fastening system such as building weight gain, incomplete connection to the main walls of the building and failure to withstand natural crises such as floods and earthquakes, but with the installation methods used today the disadvantages of the methods The tradition has been completely abolished and the efficiency of brick facade buildings has increased.

2) Stone facade:

Stone is one of the most widely used tools for decorating the interior and exterior of a building that has been used extensively by architects from ancient times to the present. Today, the use of travertine stone has gained a good place among the types of rocks that can be used as a rockstone because of its variety of colors and designs. The stones are mounted on mortar by a mortar and provide a flat surface for a building that allows the use of new methods of stone in different angles and geometric shapes, these days witnessing the Achaemenid rock We are different designs and shapes.

Advantages of stone facade:

Color fastness

There is no filth or dirt on the face.

It has great variety in color and sex.

Disadvantages of stone facade:

It requires high implementation cost.

The implementation is time consuming.

It is difficult to run at high altitudes.

If the back of the work is not properly filled with mortar when executing the stone facade, after a period of time with the distance created between the stone and the wall, the stone is separated from the wall and collapses, because sometimes similar stones cannot be found with the same Finds the stone has problems repairing it, Travertine stone has higher durability than other stones.

Glass Facade:

Glass is also one of the decorative tools that play an important role in the construction and decoration of buildings. The use of glass in addition to beauty can also provide the light inside the building. The quality of the glass and its soundproofing and thermal properties are very important. The use of double glazed glass or triple glazed glass is very common today, and most modern buildings devote a large portion of their facades to glass, which, of course, results in energy loss.

Glass Facade Benefits:

Speed ​​on the run

Providing exterior view to indoor residents

Ability to combine with all materials

Lightweight and repairable

Has a variety of colors


Using glass is unavoidable in many parts of a building, but it can be very energy consuming if used for the overall look of the building.

The glass is easily dirty and difficult to clean and clean.

Double glazed glass has no ordinary impact resistant glass.
4) Run Composite View:

The composite facade is executed using composite sheets, which contain composite materials consisting of two layers of aluminum sheet and one layer of polyethylene material, which reaches a total thickness of 4 mm in aluminum composite sheets. . The sheets are lightweight and their outer layer is covered by an epoxy resin primer and a PVDF layer that stabilizes the paint and a film layer is used to protect the sheets after installation is completed. To be.

The aluminum panel composite can be implemented with stone or wood designs. The stone design sheets consist of three layers of color coating laminated on the aluminum surface in a variety of designs and colors. The wood design sheet is also applicable inside and outside the building. These sheets consist of a laminated layer.

Advantages of composite sheet:

Beauty and luminosity of aluminum sheets

Automatic cleaning capability

Implementation in a variety of colors

Flexibility of sheets

Run fast



Acoustic and thermal insulation


Lack of resistance to impact and extreme pressure

5) Thermode view:

Thermowood is a durable processed wood that is highly resistant to adverse weather, heat and caries due to the processing steps. The heat treatment of the wood eliminates all the harmful substances and resin of the wood and eliminates the bacteria in it and provides a clean, sterilized material that can be used in addition to the facade of the interior such as stairs, ceilings, doors and windows. , Sauna and so on. In addition, this material can be combined with other materials and gives a good appearance to the building and is widely used in Western countries in the construction of various types of residential facades and villas.

Benefits of Thermode:

Quick and easy installation

Stability and durability against wear and environmental conditions

Ability to cut and create arched models

Easy installation and separation

Easy maintenance and washing

6) Ceramic facade:

The use of ceramic facades has many applications in architecture, porcelain ceramics is a subset of ceramic tiles that is not more resistant to other tiles. Ceramic facade is one of the dry facades and can be used for residential, office or commercial building facades.

Benefits of Ceramic Facade:

Good insulation against noise, fire and moisture.

It has a variety of colors and designs

It has significant stability and durability over a long period of time.

7) Metal Stretcher View:

It features metal plates made of iron, aluminum, steel, brass and copper. These sheets are cut during the manufacturing process and after they are stretched they produce panels called Metal Stretch or Expanded Metal. The technical specifications of these mesh plates are 2 to 6 mm thick with free length and their springs are 4 x 6 or 200 x 75 mm. These sheets come in a variety of colors and have a mesh-like lattice with a solid, seamless appearance to the wire mesh.

Benefits of Expanded Metal View:

Has varied perspectives

The price is right

Being three-dimensional

Variety of colors and designs


Not used as it should.

8) Bayramix view

Bayramix is ​​a type of ornamental overlay system. Bairamix is ​​a blend of granite beads, ceramic marbles with a variety of colors and different aggregates, as well as natural and synthetic resins and other additives that can be mortared on multiple materials such as stone, cement, metal, glass and plastic. After drying, it is decorative and has a hardness, mechanical, physical and chemical resistance and can have a useful life.

Benefits of Bayramix View:

Available in a variety of colors

Easy and fast implementation

Resistant to adverse weather conditions

The price is right

9) Monolithic facade:

Monolith is another type of facade that can be implemented in building facades. Monoliths contain a combination of granite, quartz and natural dyes that are used in the process of synthesizing and producing monolith lubricating resins and UV materials.

Advantages :

Being light

The price is right

Due to the silicone and acrylic resin, it prevents water and moisture from penetrating.

Easy repair and rebuild

Durable and long life

No scaling and cracking

10) Concrete facade:

Concrete is one of the most widely used materials in construction and is usually a combination of cement, water and sand. With the progress made in the field of construction, the use of concrete in interior and exterior facades has also been provided. Creating a type of concrete called Exposure Concrete or Exposure Concrete can provide a smooth and smooth surface to create a stylish and smooth appearance. Exposure Concrete contains precast concrete panels that are used in gray or white textures. These concrete are easily stainable due to its smooth surface. Exposure to high strength concrete, in addition to having high strength, eliminates the need to use other materials to cover the work surface and reduce cost.
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